Useful Information about Croatia
Geographical position: Croatia extends from the furthest eastern edges of the Alps in the north-west to the Pannonian lowlands and the banks of the Danube in the east; its central region is covered by the Dinara mountain range, and its southern parts extend to the coast of the Adriatic Sea.
Surface: the mainland covers 56,594 km2; surface area of territorial waters totals 31,067 km2.
Population: 4,437,460 inhabitants; composition of population: the majority of the population are Croats; national minorities are Serbs, Slovenes, Hungarians, Bosnians, Italians, Czechs and others.
System of government: Multi-party parliamentary republic.
Capital: Zagreb (779,145 inhabitants), the economic, traffic, cultural and academic centre of the country.
Coastline: 5,835.3 km, of which 4,058 km comprise the coastlines of islands, solitary rocks and reefs.
Number of islands, solitary rocks and reefs: 1,185; the largest islands are Cres and Krk; there are 47 inhabited islands. Highest peak: Dinara: 1,831 m above sea level.
Climate: Croatia has three climate zones; the prevailing climate in the country’s interior is moderately rainy; on the highest peaks, a forest climate with snow falls, while the areas along the Adriatic coast have a pleasantly mild Mediterranean climate with a large number of sunny days; summers are dry and hot, winters mild and wet with significant precipitations.
Average temperatures in the interior: January -2 to 0o C, somewhat lower at the highest altitudes; August – about 20 oC and about 12 oC on the highest peaks.
Average temperature in the littoral: January – 5 to 9 oC, August – 22 to 25 oC; sea temperature in winter: 2 oC; in summer, about 25 oC
Currency: kuna (1 kuna = 100 lipa). Foreign currency can be exchanged in banks, exchange offices, post offices, travel agencies, hotels, camps, marinas; cheques can be cashed in banks.
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